Things to know for before filing your 2018 taxes
Published Tuesday, January 15, 2019 6:00AM PST
Last Updated Wednesday, January 16, 2019 4:31PM PST
The holidays are over and it’s time to get serious about your money and your budget. But before you roll out your New Year’s resolutions about money matters,you might want to take care of last year.
The April 30 tax filing deadline may seem a long way off, but leaving it to the last minute could mean rushing and missing out on deductions or making a mistake that could mean a costly audit.
Tax specialist Ryan Halfnights, with D&H Group in Vancouver, says now is a good time to prepare.
“So when April comes along and it’s time to file, it’s less painful,” he said.
You can expect a few changes for 2018. They include:
- The $ 500 B.C. child fitness credit is gone
- The $ 500 B.C. child arts credit is gone
- The public transit tax credit is eliminated
All have been phased out over the past couple years since the Liberal party introduced the middle class tax cut.
For many tax filers, using DIY tax software is just fine, as long as their returns are not complicated.
“It’s all about organization,” Halfnights pointed out, “So if CRA (Canada Revenue Agency) comes calling, it’s kind of an easier less painful process.”
People with more complicated returns might want to consider hiring a tax accountant. That could include anyone who fits into one of the following categories:
- High net worth individuals
- People who have a side business
- Own investment property
- Self-directing retirement
- Got an inquiry from Canada Revenue Agency
Don’t be afraid to claim legitimate expenses. Halfnights says many taxpayers are not aware that they can claim unreimbursed employment expenses like the use of an automobile.
Also, medical expenses can sometimes be ignored. But first you have to meet a threshold. Only the amount above the lesser of either $2,237 or three per cent of your income can be claimed. For example, if your net income is $50,000, the first $1,500 won't count toward a credit. But if your expenses total $2,000, $500 will be applied to your bottom line. CRA has published a list of allowable medical expenses.
Now the big question – what will trigger an audit? Halfnights says typically, large fluctuating items raise red flags. The three most common items are:
- Medical receipts
- Child care expenses
| Related: The CRA does not apply auditing rules consistently |
The key to dealing with CRA is to be detailed and organized. You should keep all your receipts and records for six years. You can keep them in electronic format but be sure to have a backup copy. They must be readable and stored in Canada.
The CRA has also beefed up enforcement. The government has spent about $1 billion over three years to go after tax cheats. And the CRA says they've already recovered that investment in additional tax collected and expect to recover an additional $7.4 billion over the next three years.
Correction: The TV version of this story indicated the income tax reduction of 1.5 per cent for middle income earners was introduced in 2018. It was introduced in 2016.