VICTORIA -- British Columbia's minority New Democrat government says it is starting to build the province all residents want, tabling a budget update that promises to hire 3,500 teachers and build thousands of rental units and homes for the homeless.
- Scroll down or click here for highlights from the budget
Finance Minister Carole James said Monday the government's first budget document puts people first after 16 years of Liberal rule where families, students and seniors struggled.
The government forecasts a surplus of $246 million this year and economic growth of 2.9 per cent, up from the 2.1 per cent projected in last February's budget.
The New Democrats formed a minority government last June after the May election did not produce a clear winner in the 87-seat legislature. The NDP, with 41 seats, and the Greens with three seats, combined their seat totals to oust the Liberals in a non-confidence vote.
"The budget really does invest in people to invest in B.C.," James said in a briefing before introducing the budget in the legislature.
"I am a big believer that a budget does not stand alone," she said. "A budget is a tool to make sure the people of this province who built our economy benefit from the economy."
The updated budget confirmed many of the NDP's spring election promises, but other major pledges appeared to be under review and considered works in progress.
B.C.'s carbon tax, currently at $30 a tonne, will increase by $5 per tonne on April 1, 2018, James said. The $5 annual increases ensures B.C.'s carbon tax reaches the federal goal of $50 a tonne a year before Ottawa's 2022 deadline for a set carbon price agreement across Canada.
She also said the carbon tax will no longer be required to be revenue neutral and the expected $1.2 billion in revenues this year will fund government programs rather than tax measures.
"We will use carbon tax revenue to support families and fund green initiatives to address our climate action commitments," said James.
Green Leader Andrew Weaver said he supports the increase and the move to drop revenue neutrality, saying the government could use the money to fund transportation initiatives.
James acknowledged the government's plan for a universal, $10-a-day child-care program and its promised $400 subsidy for renters are currently in planning stages and may be more fully addressed in the government's budget this February.
"We will implement programs and services as we are able," she said. "You can't turn back the clock on 16 years overnight. That's not possible."
The Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives said investing in affordable housing and offering start-up funding for a poverty reduction strategy are welcome changes, but delaying work on the child-care promises raises concerns.
"The question is how ambitious their plan is going to be," said economist Iglika Ivanova. "I'm expecting to see a lot more in the budget in February."
James said the government will invest $681 million over three years to hire more teachers and provide services for students.
A Supreme Court of Canada ruling last year ordered B.C. to reinstate classroom composition rights taken away from the B.C. Teachers' Federation about 15 years ago.
The budget update contains immediate housing initiatives for renters and the homeless and housing will remain a major focus of February's budget.
She said the government will spend $208 million to build 1,700 affordable rental housing units and $291 million to build 2,000 modular housing units for homeless people.
"Putting people first is our government's priority, and we're working on a comprehensive strategy to improve housing affordability, close speculation loopholes and reduce tax fraud and money laundering in B.C. real estate," James said in her speech to the legislature.
She said the government will cut Medical Services Premiums by 50 per cent in January and the government's promise to increase income and disability assistance by $100 a month are budgeted at $472 million.
The budget includes tax measures that lowers the corporate income tax rate for small business to two per cent from 2.5 per cent, but increases the general corporate tax rate from 11 per cent to 12 per cent.
The personal income tax rate will jump from 14.7 per cent to 16.8 per cent for those earning $150,000 and over.
Jock Finlayson, B.C. Business Council vice president, said the business community expected the tax changes as they were part of the NDP's election platform, but "this budget isn't going to create a lot of new investment."
He said the increase in personal income tax, coupled with federal government tax changes, could result in B.C. businesses not being able to attract top-job candidates.
Opposition Liberal finance critic Shirley Bond said the budget did not contain a jobs plan or an economic agenda.
"Today we see the NDP delivered a plan to spend," she said. "There was no single mention of a jobs plan."
- Carbon tax rate increased by $5 a tonne on April 1, 2018, as climate action tax credit increased for low- and middle-class families but the carbon tax will no longer be revenue neutral.
- $208 million for construction of 1,700 affordable rental housing units.
- $291 million for construction of 2,000 modular housing units for the homeless, with $170 million over three years for round-the-clock staff and support services.
- 50 per cent cut in Medical Services Plan premiums for all British Columbians as a step toward eliminating them over four years.
- Up to 3,500 new teachers; $681 million increase for kindergarten-to-Grade 12 education over three years.
- $100-per-month increase for income and disability assistance.
- $200-a-month increase to earnings exemptions for income and disability assistance recipients to connect to jobs.
- Reduction in small business corporate income tax rate to two per cent, from 2.5 per cent.
- $19 million for restoration of free adult basic education and English-language learning in both the kindergarten- to Grade 12 and post-secondary sectors.
- $15 million over three years for the Healthy Kids Program to provide hearing assistance benefits and improved rates for dental services.
- Personal income tax rate of 16.8 per cent on taxable income over $150,000, up from 14.7 per cent.
- Increase in corporate income tax to 12 per cent, from 11 per cent.
- $290 million for the Health Ministry and to establishment Ministry of Mental Health and Addictions in supporting prevention, early intervention and treatment involving illicit opioids and overdoses; $32 million for law enforcement and coroners' service.